The Chankillo solar observatory, was declared this July 27 as a cultural heritage of Humanity, this archaeological site located in Casma near the coast, about 365 kilometers north of the city of Lima, posited with other monuments located in Brazil and Uruguay.
The forty-fourth session of the Unesco World Heritage Committee based in the Southeast China City of Fuzhou, was mostly held virtually, and now Chankillo has been inscribed on the Unesco World Heritage List and thus becomes the country’s 13th entry on the list.
This recognition as World Heritage of the Archaeoastronomy complex of Chankillo contributes to strengthening our national identity, and confirms our commitment to the protection of our cultural and natural heritage, said Alejandro Neyra, Minister of Culture of Peru.
According to the researchers, direct astronomical observations were carried out at this important archaeological complex between 500 and 200 BC, following the annual movement of the sun to regulate religious festivals and other seasonal events.
This important observatory is divided into three sections that cover about 4 square kilometers in which there are 13 towers, a circular temple and a plaza, built with mud and earth. This observatory is unique in the world unlike other observatories, said the EFE agency.
The archaeologist Ivan Ghezzi also explains that this archaeological complex, in its category, is the oldest that exists in the world and that from where it is located it is possible to know exactly what date of the year it is at all times. That takes him away from astrology and closer to science and astronomy.