Mythological Origen vs Historical Origen of Mollepata

The town of Mollepata is an obligatory stop to make the adventure walk to the citadel of Machu Picchu on the Salqantay tour of 5 days and 4 nights. Due to Inca vestiges, it can be deduced that Mollepata, in the times of the Inca, played a very important role. This is evidenced by the presence of the Quechua language, the system of work that currently survives, the social organization based on ayllus, archaeological remains, and the system of terraces.

Every town or locality tries to explain its origin through legends. Therefore, Mollepata does not lack a mythical origin and according to the older Mollepatinos, its town originated in the following way.

Plaza de Mollepata
Plaza de Mollepata

It was a moonlit night in which two huge male cougars found themselves face to face. They rushed against each other and had a fierce and bloody fight for the favor of a beautiful puma. The strongest came to tear the other’s belly and his organs scattered all over the place. The fierce victor went with the female of discord.

At dawn, on receiving the first solar rays, the puma’s entrails became mountains, hills, stony and rivers. Strange men began to emerge from them too. Over the years, they to became the native inhabitants of Mollepata. According to this myth, Mollepata and its inhabitants originate from the entrails of the sacred animal, the puma.

According to archaeological findings, the town of Mollepata has an Inca origin. This is demonstrated by the quantity of archaeological remains such as Choqechurqo. It has the characteristics of having been a lookout for better control of the lands and the work that was carried out.

According to the opinion of many historians, Mollepata in the time of the Incas was a duly organized place, in whose town a system of administration and control was installed for the inhabitants who had to work in different ecological levels. The work system was based on ayni (reciprocity), mita (service), and minka (collective labor) all of which manage to survive to today. We also have another withness, the presence of an Inca trail or highway, which proves that Mollepata, since ancient times, was an obligatory step between Cusco and coastal towns.

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