During the last few years, one of the stand out technologies that most draws attention, without doubt, are drones. They are small remote-piloted flying machines. When you see them flying over the city, you are often surprised. They can be used to deliver packages, carry out surveillance, as well as taking video from the skies.
They have already been seen flying over the processions and parades of Cusco. Their use will expand and they will be ever more present in our Imperial City. Here is an overview of their history and their utility.
The first incidence found of remote piloted aerial platforms date from 1849 when the Austrian army used balloons with explosives against the city of Venice. Some did not arrive properly because much depended on air currents and, as a result, some went way off course and even returned to the ships from which they were launched.
The first remote airplanes were constructed during the First World War. The prototype was the Aerial Target from 1916, which was controlled by low wave AM radio frequency in order to control the aim of the anti-aircraft artillery.
On the 12th of September, of the same year, the Hewitt-Sperry Automatic Airplane, known as the flying bomb, took its maiden flight. It was controlled via gyroscopes developed by the Sperry Gyroscope Company.
After the Standard E-1, a biplane, the world of drones surged. The Larynx was one of the first missiles mounted on a small structure of a small monoplane which was controlled remotely These were tested in 1927 and 1929 by the British Royal Navy.
In 1931, the British developed the Fairey Queen on the basis of the hydroplane Fairey IIIF Floatplane. In 1935 many types of planes were built as aerial targets.
It is said that the name “Queen Bee” was deformed in order to become the term drone for this type of airplanes, especially when they were remote controlled.
From its beginnings until today, drones have been used for an infinity of tasks which human beings do not want to carry out, are not able to perform, or are too dangerous such as exploration as well as clearing toxic residues.
They are also very useful for controlling forest fires, in geology, agriculture, and in the control and analysis of traffic in large cities. In Peru they have also been used to keep surveillance over archeological sites.
Nevertheless, not all their uses are about dangerous or industrial projects. Recently, they have been introduced into the market for photography, video, and augmented reality games.
In this sense, one of the most interesting games carrie out by drones are the Aerial Grand Prix. These are very popular int eh United States and in France. In them the remote piloted vehicle must pass through a whole series of obstacles at high speed.
In photography and video people have begun to use drones to photograph events from the air, such as weddings and others. One example took place in the recent Soccer World Cup in Brasil.
Amazon, the on-line merchandiser, has obtained the necessary permissions from the US Federal Aviation Administration in order to experiment with the technology of drones for the delivery of packages.
Another business that wishes to take advantage of the benefits of drones is Facebook. It has created a non-piloted vehicle capable of reaching 18 kms. of altitude in order to take the internet to regions of the world where there is no present infrastructure capable of delivering this service.
Drones are marvelous aerodynamic machines that can be used for various ends. You will be seeing them more and more in Cusco and in Peru.