On the eastern flanks of the Cordillera Blanca in the Department of dating to the early horizon, monumental structures of the Chavín de Huántar Ceremonial Center appear. They compose an archaeological site full of enigmas. It archeological design seems located to enhance theatricality that lay at the root of this theocratic state. Carried out in ceremonies full of mysticism. Chavín a crucial and transcendental site in the development of the later Andean cultures considered in Peru as foundational.
Through an intricate network of conduits conducting light, air, aromas, sounds also moved such a way that certain frequencies amplified and added to the hallucinogenic effects of the mescalina, the psychoactive chemical of the San Pedro cactus widely used at Chavin according to archeological evidence. Individuals senses were disturbed until the persons reached a level of vulnerability that it facilitated the imposition of ideas and beliefs not to a mass that wandered to the place in search of the worship of gods, but to members of an elite that if they surpassed the tests managed to become messengers of the deities.
Conch shell horns found in one of the galleries suggest that the sounds they emitted flowed through the galleries and were increased by the acoustics generated by hydraulic engineering and air circulation. These became the sign of the gods. In the roar of the puma or why not in the very voice of the so feared god represented on the Lanzón Stela that at the end of the dream approved or not giving the privilege of belonging.
To know more about Chavín: Articles by Julio Tello, Luis Lumbreras and John Rick about Chavín
Documentary: “Chavín the theater of the beyond” by Nat Geo (easily found on Youtube)